How to replace window glass in wooden frame
Regular window replacement is quite fragile, and it is easy to break it. Of course, installing armored or impact-resistant glass in ordinary windows is possible, but not many people do this. The good news is that the glass in the old wooden windows can be easily replaced with new ones. This does not window companies near me, and it is enough to approach the matter carefully and responsibly, determined that the work will be done qualitatively.
So, the glass usually does not break completely, and splinters of various sizes are left around the perimeter. They can be immediately knocked out and removed from the grooves, such as pliers (so as not to hurt your hands).
2. After that, you need to separate from the #window_frame the glazing bars that hold the glass in the frame around the perimeter. This is a thin wooden bar glued or nailed to the frame with small nails. To separate the glazing bars from the edge, they are picked up with a knife or spatula and pulled toward you. As a rule, they are easily removed.
3. Under the glazing beads, you may find a layer of silicone, window caulk, or other similar material that serves as a sealant. This layer can be easily trimmed with a sharp knife. However, it is more convenient to use a knife with a narrow blade.
4. When the layer of sealant is cut, the remainder of the glass is gently removed from the frame. Now the new glass can be inserted into place.
5. Do not cut the sheet glass yourself if you do not have the skills for such work. Of course, you can buy #glass and then adjust it to size if you have a glass cutter and confidence that you will make everything precisely. But if you do not have them, it is better to find the nearest workshop, where the glass cutter will cut the glass safely and qualitatively in just a few minutes. Moreover, it does not cost much, as the work is not too difficult.
6. To avoid problems, carefully measure the window frame. The glass should be trimmed to be a little smaller than the frame. It is enough to make it a couple of millimeters less in height and width. This is important because wooden frames usually change slightly depending on indoor and outdoor humidity. And if the glass is, at the same time, tightly inserted without gaps, it will be under severe pressure, which will lead to the fact that it will simply burst - when closing the sash or with a bit of pressure.
7. Inserting glass into a wooden #window is no more difficult than removing it. Everything is done in reverse order. First, the glass is put in, then caulked around the perimeter with silicone, and at the very end, it is pressed down with glazing bars.
In the end, you can replace the glass yourself in half an hour. Of course, this does not include ordering, trimming, and delivering the glass itself. As you can see, there is no need to call a glazier at home, which in this case will take a lot more money for the work than for a simple glass trim in the shop.
There can be several reasons for replacing glass: if the old glass began to rattle from passing cars and the second more annoying option is if the window accidentally broke.
Glazing wooden frames is not a complicated process, so it is unnecessary to call a master; you can do everything yourself. And if you do not know how to insert glass into the frame with your hands, consider its replacement stages.
To begin with, you will need a knife or chisel, masking tape, and knitted gloves to remove the splinters.
Knit or leather gloves are needed to keep your hands safe from getting cut. Next, remove the splinters, and tape the remaining pieces to the frame. Then remove the glazing bars and the nails designed to hold the glass to the edge. Finally, remove the caulk with a knife or sharp object if the strips are sealed. After that, the remaining splinters will not be difficult to remove.
Remove the glazing beads carefully and slowly, so they can be reused. If you cannot remove them carefully, prepare new strips of precisely the same size.
Also, remove with a knife the layer of caulk or sealant under the glazing bars. The coating is designed to seal the joints and soften the strips so they do not touch each other with the glass. In addition, the sealant protects the canvas from possible damage when slamming the window sashes.
For the subsequent work of replacing the glass, you will need a sheet of glass 3-4 mm thick, a tape measure, nails, a glass cutter, a small hammer, and a clear sealant.
Before you insert the glass into the wooden frame, it is necessary to prepare it. Cut the cloth with their own hands or order it in the shops. It is cut 2-3 mm less than the window frame. That is, a tight glass placement in the frame is not allowed. If it is inserted closely, the window can crack with the expansion of the wooden frame from moisture.
What is the best way to cut glass
Regular glass is cut with a glass cutter - a unique tool that leaves scratches on the surface to break the cut line further.
The glass cutter is divided into:
1. Roller - a tool that pushes a groove on the glass during cutting. It is the most common type among non-professionals. It is made of cobalt-tungsten alloy. The number of cutting rollers in it is up to 6 pieces. The quality of cutting depends on their number.
It is better to choose the tool with 3-6 rollers as rollers are quickly worn out, and the number of defects increases. In addition, thick glass over 7 mm cannot be cut with a roller glass cutter.
2. Professional diamond is a tool where the small technical diamond is fixed. For example, a diamond glass cutter has a longer service life, up to 12 km of cutting, than a roller cutter.
The quadrangular shape of the cutting edge can be pyramidal or curved. Inexperienced artisans will find it difficult to cut a blade with a diamond tool with a pyramidal shape. In addition, it is challenging to choose the right cut angle at once.
It is better to start working with a curvilinear glass cutter. If the angle is chosen correctly, an imperceptible scratch will be produced, and a subtle ringing will be heard during its application.
The foil cutter is the same as the roller glass cutter, only equipped with an automatic oil feed function which reduces the friction force during cutting. This increases the tool's life and provides an easy and smooth movement. The oil reservoir is in the handle. It is filled with a special oil designed for glass or kerosene.
To cut a round cloth, use a glass cutter specially designed for this purpose. The tool somewhat resembles a compass. It has a fulcrum - a fixing suction cup. A scale is attached to it, which regulates the radius and the roller.
When you do not have a glass cutter handy, you can also cut glass without a glass cutter - for this, and you should use sewing scissors. They cut in water and are convenient for cutting small-shaped pieces. Of course, the effect will be different, but it will sometimes help.
There are peculiarities in the sheet cutting which should be considered.
The sheet before cutting should be spotless and dry. Put it on a flat work table, preferably covered with cloth.
On the glass, outline the sides using a tape measure and a marker. Next, you can treat the cut line with machine oil.
Without pressing hard on the tool, draw along the line. The cut should be flat and shallow. To do this, you can use a ruler, putting it a little away from the marking line. The tool is carried out on a line on the glass only once, in one touch.
The strength of the pressure depends on the type of glass cutter. More pressure is needed for the roller than the diamond one, which leaves a shallow groove.
Ribbed glass is best cut with the roller glass cutter. All other glass cutters are preferable to diamond cutters. However, you will not be able to cut tempered glass because it splits and cut patterned, corrugated, and frosted glass from the smooth side.
The cut is carried out from the edge of the sheet without interruption. Cut the short side first and then the long side.
The positioning of the glass cutter affects the quality of the cut. The diamond one is held vertically in hand like a pencil, and the roller one should be perpendicular to the sheet's surface.
Now all that's left is to break the cut glass. Move it to the end of the work table, tap the head of the glass cutter on the notch from below, and then split it. To break off the narrow strip, use tongs, or you can use the slots on the tool.
If you need to cut a circle, first draw it on the sheet of glass with a washable marker. Then run the glass cutter along the contour. Then tap it from the back, cut the rest into small pieces, tap it again and remove it.
You will get perfectly flat and at the same time not sharp corners by sanding them.
Glazing a wooden window is done in reverse order
Apply silicone sealant around the perimeter of the glass.
Insert it in the middle of the opening.
Place matches on the bottom edge of the frame to create a gap.
Also, apply a sealant to the other side of the glass under the glazing bead.
Then nail the top glazing bead to the frame, the side strips, and the bottom.
Drive the nails parallel to the glass surface to prevent them from damaging the glass by hitting the corner glass. When hammering, hold the hammer against the mirror's surface and strike gently.
After you have inserted the glass into the wooden window, remove the excess sealant. You can paint the new glazing bead before installation or together with the window frame.
Tools and materials needed:
Glass. It is desirable to order a new one from a glass cutter, but if you have a few old ones, it is not a problem. The old glass that has served for decades is more challenging to cut, numerous temperature and mechanical deformations affect it, so one glass may not be enough.
You must cut yourself if the glass is not ordered in a glass cutter. At the markets of cities and towns, I often see a man-focus, cutting glass, but not in a straight line, and the intricate curves easily break the glass on the cut. This man sells a miracle glass cutter which costs relatively cheap, but I have not managed to buy a glass cutter.
A table for cutting glass, again, if the glass will not be ordered in the glass cutter. The table size should be larger than the glass to be missed. The top of the table should be as flat as possible; otherwise, the glass may crack in the cutting process and not where it is needed. Putting some kind of cloth, an old blanket, etc., on the table's surface is advisable.
A 15-20 mm wide chisel to remove old glazing beads.
Glazing beads. Sometimes old glazing beads can be taken off quite easily, but they can also break, and new glazing beads will be needed.
A metal saw to cut glazing beads.
A tape measure.
Nails. In the past, fixing glazing beads used conventional steel nails 20-30 mm long, but now you can buy copper-plated pins. These nails do not rust as quickly.
Zenzubel or rebate.
A pencil, marker, or felt-tip pen for marking.
The technology of work performance
1. Removing the old glass.
To remove the old glass, you need to remove the glazing bars. For this, you will need a chisel. The chisel is carefully driven between the frame and the glazing bead near one of the nails. You can start with the outermost nail and then move on to the others, or you can start with the middle one, whichever is more to your liking. In this case, you first make small rotary movements of the chisel clockwise and anti-clockwise, and when the chisel goes under the glazing bead at 5-7 mm, the chisel can already be used as a lever. If the glazing bead is not rotten and the nails are thin and not rusty, the glazing bead can be undone quickly enough. Otherwise, the glazing bead breaks where the pin is driven and must be broken into pieces. If nails are left in the frame after removing the glazing bead, they must be gently pulled out with pliers.
2. determine the size of the glass.
Since window sashes are far from always rectangular and not even always parallelograms, it is not enough to measure only the height and width to determine the dimensions of the glass. Usually, the width of the glass is measured at the top and bottom, then the crown on the right and left, and if the sash is crooked even to the eye, you can measure the width (or height) in the middle as well to be sure. Measurements are taken from the side of the frame with which the quarter for the glass is selected (I did it just in case).
Additionally, the diagonals of the glass are measured. If the diagonal difference is less than 1%, for example, 80 cm and 80.7 cm, then you can ignore such a difference and order or cut out a regular rectangular glass yourself. However, if the difference is more remarkable, it must be considered. The glass is cut to a slightly smaller size to avoid possible problems during installation. For example, if the opening size is 50x70 cm and the diagonals are approximately the same, the glass is cut as 49.5x69.5 cm.
Measure the glass with a tape measure. Tailor's meters or school rulers are undesirable in this case.
3. Cutting the glass.
Everything is easy if the glass is ordered at a glass cutter; just bring it home carefully. However, if you cut the glass yourself, it is better to practice on old glass, such as broken glass. The peculiarities of working with glass are that it is useless to give any advice here; only practice and a good glass cutter will help.
I can only add that the cutting of glass is accompanied by a corresponding sound, which an experienced glassmaker can use to determine whether the glass is cut or not. If a wide enough strip is cut, it can be broken off by hand; for safety, it is better to wear gloves first. The glass is placed over the edge of the lid of the table so that the cut strip protrudes over the edge of the cover by 0.3-1 cm. Then you need to grab the bite of the cut strip and, with a sharp movement, push down as if to try to bend the glass. If the glass is not large, one person should press the glass onto the table with a ruler, and the other should break off the cut strip. To be on the safe side, the glass is tapped from below with the glass cutter before breaking. The tapping will show cracks in the cut if the glass is well-cut.
If you are cutting a narrow strip of glass, it is best to break it off with the glass cutter. This is because the glass cutter has unique slots for different glass thicknesses.
Any sufficiently even board or bar can be used as a ruler, and metal profiles should not be used. Before cutting, the glass is wiped off dust and dirt at the place of the amount.
4. Checking the frame.
In poorly made windows, the quarters selected under the glass may not be in the same plane, i.e., in the corners, there may be a difference in depth. The glass installation can bend and crack if such a difference is significant enough. If necessary, you need to hem the quarters to avoid this happening. To do this, use a serrated edge or rebate, but you can also use an ordinary planer; all the same, the corners will have to finish the chisel.
5. Checking the Glass Sizes.
After the glass is cut to the proper size, it must be inserted into the frame. You can do further operations if the glass fits nicely into the quarter. If the glass on one of the sides or in one of the corners does not go into the frame by 1-2 mm, then you can increase the quarter with the same scraper. If the glass is a little smaller than required and does not overlap the upper bar of the frame by 1-2 mm in height, then you must make pads for the glass under the bottom 3-4 mm in size.
6. Cutting glazing beads.
Glazing beads are usually cut at a 45° angle to make them look nice. For this purpose, a metal hacksaw and a plane saw are used. However, instead of the jig, you can use an ordinary angle and a construction angle for marking and saw according to the marking, but it is still more convenient with a jig. Furthermore, making the simplest crossbar yourself does not take long, for this is enough to have 2 bars.
As a rule, a glazing bead is cut from one side, then inserted into the frame, and the mark is transferred to it, and the second saw is made according to the sport. Correctly cut, and even glazing beads hold in a quarter and no nails. After the glazing beads are cut, it is advisable to mark them with a pencil, for example, B, H, L, and P, which stands for top, bottom, left, and right. Then, it is desirable to nail to simplify the fixing of glazing beads. At the same time, you can immediately see at what angle the nail will go. Sometimes I even drill holes under the nails with a thin millimeter drill bit, but this is usually unnecessary.
6. Installing the Glass.
Before installing the glass, the quarter around the perimeter is smeared with putty. You can use a special window putty or any acrylic sealant. After applying the putty, insert the glass and press it to the quarter so that the putty comes out. If the caulk is insufficient, you can re-spray the perimeter after installing the glass. Then the glazing beads are nailed in place. Glazing bars should be pressed firmly against the glass. To avoid scratching the glass with a hammer on the rim, wrap 2-3 layers of duct tape.
In older and simpler designs of window units made of wood, replacing the glass is much easier. If you do the work yourself, the only difficulty may be cutting the glass to the correct size with a glass cutter.
We have described this career stage in detail so that the task is feasible
Use a screwdriver or chisel to remove the old putty, push back the glazing bars slightly, and remove the nails that secured the glass.
The glass to be replaced is removed.
After that, a measurement is made to cut the new glass. It should be noted immediately that the new glass size should be smaller. It is necessary to arrange a small gap of 1.5-2 mm on all sides of the inserted glass.
The new glass is cut on a flat horizontal surface; usually, an ordinary table is enough. For safety, it is necessary to put a thick cloth on the working surface.
Glass is cut with a diamond glass cutter. A ruler and possibly pliers are needed. The ruler is placed along the cutting line, and the glass cutter is pressed against the ruler.
Do not press down hard on the cutter. A proper glass cut looks colorless, with a thin and even mark on the glass. When cutting, the tool makes a faintly audible noise, and the amount is correct. If the diamond leaves white dust and a relatively wide band on the glass, this indicates very high pressure on the tool.
A few millimeters before the edge of the glass, it is necessary to slightly reduce the pressure on the glass cutter as it can tear off the edge of the material, and the diamond will be damaged.
After cutting, the glass is moved to the edge of the work surface (table). One hand presses the material against the surface while the other presses sharply on the edge of the glass. The cutting line should be on the edge of the table.
Use your hand to break large pieces of glass, and for smaller amounts, use pliers or a unique groove in the glass cutter itself.
New glass is installed on the laid putty in the folds of the window sashes. The glass is pressed tightly to the putty.
Next, fix glass staples and nails. Glass nails are set in the glazing bars parallel to the glass; do not hammer them at an angle - it will damage the glass. Hammer or chisel handle when hammering the nails with care to slip on the surface of the glass.
The rebates are then re-treated with putty.
Sometimes, you can mount the glass and dry it without using caulk.
After the caulk dries, it is painted to match the color of the window unit, or you can highlight these elements with paint of a different color.
Do not worry too much about the broken glass in the window. It can be replaced without removing the window units. It will not cost that much, mainly if you perform the repair yourself. Replace glass in the plastic and wooden window with their own hands will help you step-by-step instructions given in this material.
How to insert new glass into the frame
Hand-made glass replacement in a window with a wooden frame. To change the damaged glass in the wooden window frame, you can do it without the help of specialists and do it yourself and with your own hands. If the upper part of the window frame is located quite awkwardly and far away, it will be more convenient to work, removing it and laying it on a flat surface. Then, performing work with glass, following the safety rules. Try not to put it on the surface of the floor, as you can, without noticing, crush it. Instead, place the glass against a wall and cover it with something bright.
To replace the glass in the window of a wooden frame should be stocked:
The drink itself, a tape measure, a chisel, silicone sealant, staples, a hacksaw, flat-to others, and a sharp knife.
And so we proceed to the work, how to insert glass into a window with a wooden frame
Before starting work on inserting glass into the window, it is worth putting on gloves made of thick cloth to protect yourself from possible injuries and cuts.
First, you should cover the entire surface of the glass with a thick layer of tape. You can also use duct tape or masking tape. Then cover the window sill with newspaper sheets, or any paper, so as not to damage the layer of paint.
Next, you must eliminate the fasteners between the glass and the frame, whether a staple or caulk. If it is putty, it should be scraped off with a screwdriver or knife tip. To get rid of dried or hardened putty, gently tap on the blade's handle with an object. You can also use a hair dryer to soften it with a stream of hot air or soldering iron. Remove nails, or other fasteners, with pliers. Using a screwdriver or chisel, get rid of the staples.
After all of the above work, pull the damaged glass out of the frame. If necessary, wrap all splinters on previously laid paper and carefully pack them away.
All rebates in the wooden frame should be cleaned to obtain smooth surfaces, and for this, you must use a file, chisel, and flat-to others. Removing all kinds of irregularities, bumps, nails, and nicks on the wood is worth removing.
Next, measure the glass. Measure the distance to the size of the peeled rebate at the rate of 0.3 cm on each side. This is done to keep the glass from cracking as it expands. Cut the mirror for the window to sheer size, or go to a workshop. Calculate the number of glazing bars using measurements.
Glazing beads and silicone sealant, white or transparent, can be purchased at a specialty building materials store. If you did not damage the old glazing bead when removing it from the frame, you could use it again. Buying sealant, take time to read the description on the package. Buy one that is not afraid of temperature fluctuations. To apply the adhesive, you will need to use a construction gun. You can use sealant sold in syringes, but it will be a little more expensive.
Using a hacksaw with no large teeth, you need to see the necessary size glazing beads and hammer in its nails, designed for window work so that they are perpendicular.
Thoroughly lubricate all the rebates with silicone sealant. Place a piece of wood on the lower part of the window frame to leave a gap and install the glass. Carefully pressing the glass, remove the wooden stick.
After that, you should carefully nail the glazing bead. Before it is installed in the frame, it is worth covering it with paint, although you can do it after installation. If necessary, it is worth painting parts of the structure that were damaged in work.
Here is a brief instruction on inserting glass into a window with a wooden or plastic frame with your own hands, and you do not need to call an artisan and pay them money.
How to insert glass into a wooden frame: instructions
There may be several reasons for replacing the glass with new ones. First of all, it is when the glass is broken, or at the moment when you realize that the windows begin to shake at the slightest noise, for example, when a car passes by.
The process of wooden glazing frames is not difficult and time-consuming, so to carry out such a replacement is not necessary to call a specialist. It is quite possible to cope with themselves. If you have not previously encountered such a process, familiarize yourself with its essential steps.
What is the best way to cut glass
To cut glass, a unique tool is often used - a glass cutter, which leaves a scratch on the surface of the glass, which you later just need to press, and the necessary part will break off.
Glass cutters are usually divided into several types:
Roller - it is a device, which in the process of cutting, presses a groove on the glass; non-professionals most often use such a device. The quality of carving, in this case, depends on the number of rollers in the machine itself. There can be up to 6 in total.
Professional diamond. In such a tool, a small amount of technical diamond is fixed. If you compare it with the previous variant, it is safe to conclude that such a tool will last longer. The distance that it will be able, so to speak, to cut will be up to 12 kilometers.
The oil variant is very similar to the roller variant, but in this case, the tool has the function of oil feeding in automatic mode. This function reduces the friction force and makes the whole process smooth and easy. On this basis, it can be stated that the life of this tool is increased. The oil is contained in the instrument's handle, and it is necessary to fill it with a special liquid designed for glass.
The process of cutting glass
In the process of such work, it is necessary to consider some nuances, which are critical and should be adhered to. First, pay attention to the fact that the sheet must be spotless and dry. Although it is necessary to place it on a flat surface in the work process, it would be better if it were also covered with some cloth.
On the glass, it is necessary to mark the required distance with a tape measure and, respectively, a marker. Also, the cut line can be treated with machine oil.
Using your tool, you need to draw a line. The cut should be smooth and shallow. In the process, you can also use a ruler while putting it away from the planned sequence. Carry out a tool on the line; it is necessary only once, that is, in one touch.
The force applied in this case will depend on your chosen tool. For example, you must use more energy for the roller than for the diamond tool. But the line will be shallow.
In the case where you are using grooved glass, it is best to resort to the help of a roller tool. But for all other options, you can use a diamond tool.
The entire process of cutting glass is done from the edge of the sheet and, without interruption, move towards yourself. Therefore, it is best to cut the short side and later the long side.
The position of the glass cutter in hand is also of great importance because the quality of the cut depends on it. So, for example, the diamond should be held in a vertical position in the same way we have a pencil. But the roller version of the tool should be perpendicular to the blade's surface.
After that, all that remains is to break off the glass. Move it to the end of your workplace, and from below, tap the head of the glass cutter on the notch, and only after that break it. To break off a small piece of glass, you need to use tongs or the slots on the tool.
If you have the task of cutting out a circle, it is better to first apply this figure to the glass with a marker, which can later be washed off. After that, it remains to hold the tool along the line and perform all the same actions, tap from the bottom and break off.
So that you get all the corners are even and not sharp, it is enough to grind them.
How to insert glass into a wooden frame: instructions
Glazing a wooden window occurs as follows. Apply sealant all around the perimeter of the window and then insert it into the middle of the opening. On the bottom edge of the frame, put the matches to create particular gaps. Sealant should also be applied on the other side under the glazing bead.
You can start nailing glazing beads and side and bottom slats.
As for the nails, they must be hammered parallel to the surface of the glass, so they do not damage it. In this case, you must handle it with a hammer very carefully and press it to the surface of the cloth in the process.
After you have succeeded in inserting the glass into the wooden frame, you can get rid of the remains of the sealant. The new glazing bead can later be painted along with the entire structure.
Replacing Glass in a Wooden Window
Regardless of the cause, broken window glass is an urgent problem that significantly impairs the comfort of your home. The arrival of the glazier and glass replacement in a wooden window may require everyone. In this case, the main criteria for the quality of work on the insertion - are speed and price.
Accidentally damaged the window, and you need an urgent inexpensive solution? Labrum-Service offers prompt replacement of broken glass in wood window frames. A proven experienced team of craftsmen is ready to take on the problem in Moscow and the region.
Installation of glass in a wooden frame should be carried out according to specific technology and standards, which often ends up with problems with soundproofing and heat preservation. For this reason, it is better to entrust this work to professionals.
Volume and specificity of the procedure depend primarily on how the glass is fixed in the window: double glazing, single glazing, or with glazing bars - slats nailed to the frame. Inserting glass into a wooden window is easiest by removing the construction and then laying the inner side on a flat, soft surface. After that, the removal of the former caulk and staples. Next, the rebate joints are to be thoroughly cleaned. Then the cut glass is placed in a wooden window frame, which can be:
single-layer, with a thickness of 4-10 mm;
tempered (thermally treated) - this technology increases the safety of use since the glass does not disintegrate but only cracks if its integrity is compromised;
Multi-layered (consisting of two or more layers joined by a polymer material) makes the window frame heavier but increases the level of protection from external influences, including the actions of intruders.
Inserting glass into the frame with large wooden sashes is carried out without removing them, according to the same technology as installing glass in the interior doors. However, the process is dangerous and requires special knowledge and experience, so in this case, the glass replacement window frame should also be performed by professional glaziers.